A (2) | B (8) | C (4) | D (3) | F (6) | G (1) | H (5) | L (2) | M (4) | O (3) | P (6) | Q (1) | R (7) | S (8) | T (2) | W (1) | Z (1) | ALL (64)

Recessive Gene

Genes are either dominant or recessive. A dominant gene's characteristics will predominate when paired with a recessive gene. For a recessive gene to show, it must be paired with another recessive gene. For example, in humans, blue eyes are recessive and brown eyes are dominant; thus, a person who has blue eyes must have received the recessive blue eye gene from each parent. Of interest perhaps, two blue-eyed parents can have only a blue eyed child; two brown- eyed parents can have either a blue or brown-eyed child.


Pierre Joseph, Court appointed painter to Marie Antoinette and Empress Josephine, Redout's credo was, "one does best what one loves most, however humble the pursuit." He is best remembered for his paintings of plants, especially roses and lilies. His paintings from Empress Josephine's garden at La Malmaison provide modern gardeners with an invaluable visual documentary of the roses grown two hundred years ago.


Flowering more than once in a season. Species roses tend to bloom once a season. Roses which are remontant may bloom continuously or in regular waves (for example, floribundas or hybrid teas or some older classes), whereas others may have a two waves, one in spring and one in autumn. The term is mainly used for roses which repeat-flower but less often than many Hybrid Teas.


Underside of the petal.


Host plant to which selected rose varieties are grafted. Most commercial growers propagate new plants by grafting cuttings to a rootstock. The advantage of rootstock is that many roses, especially modern cultivars, have weak root systems. The primary rootstocks used are Rosa multiflora for acid soils, 'Dr. Huey' for alkaline soils, and 'Fortuniana' for sandy soils. The issue of whether "own root" roses or grafted roses are better is one of the enduring debates of rosarians, and each technique has its advantages.
R indica major was a commonly-used rootstock in Australia in the past, and survivors are often seen in old gardens.


Leaf veins which are deeply etched into the leaf. Rugosa roses are so-named for this specific characteristic.


An American term, not often used within Australia. Rose Rustling,The practice of searching for Old Roses in the hopes of taking cuttings. Favorite haunts of rose rustlers include abandoned properties, cemeteries, and roadsides. Always ask permission before taking cuttings. Never remove the whole plant unless destruction is imminent.
Many cemeteries have their own propagating teams to preserve their old roses. Please note that ALL plant material at Rookwood necropolis is protected by law, and may not be removed.


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