A (2) | B (8) | C (4) | D (3) | F (6) | G (1) | H (5) | L (2) | M (4) | O (3) | P (6) | Q (1) | R (7) | S (8) | T (2) | W (1) | Z (1) | ALL (64)

Heeling In

Temporary planting of roses when conditions (temperature/soil condition/no time to plant!) prevent permanent planting.


Having the center petals the longest. Attribute associated with the classic ideal of Hybrid Tea form.


(see also deadheading)

These are the rose seed pods that form after a flower's petals fall if the bloom was pollinated. Hips are the fruit produced by rose plants. Apple trees are members of the rosacae family and the apple is a hip. Some varieties such as R.rugosa produce large hips that turn brilliant colors in autumn.

Allowing the hips to develop will cause a rose to slow down or stop producing flowers. It also helps induce dormancy, helping prepare the rose plant for winter in colder climates. In contrast, deadheading will keep the plant from producing hips and encourage it to produce more flowers.


Bred from two parents. Most roses are indeed hybrid roses, whether Bourbon or Floribunda or Hybrid Tea. Hybrids, while not always bred by humans (hybrids can result from natural cross-pollination in the wild), are selected for characteristics such as flower form, disease resistance, fragrance, and repeat flowering (remontance).

Hybrid Teas

(abbrev. HT)

Hybrid Teas are easily the most popular class of roses today. Hybrid Teas as a group have large flowers with a high-pointed bud. They are excellent repeat bloomers, often blooming almost continually. They bloom one flower per stem on long sturdy stems making them excellent for cutting. Hybrid Teas come in a large variety of colors.
HYbrid teas before 1920 are considered heritage roses; many are healthier than later ones, some of which have been weakened by excessive in-breeding.

The rose "La France", bred in 1867, is classified as the first Hybrid Tea rose.


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